- The Detroit Center for Research on Oral Health Disparities aims to promote oral health and reduce disparities within the community of low-income African American children (0-5 years) and their main caregivers (14 + years) living in the City of Detroit. The driving theme of the center's research program is to identify determinants and design interventions to answer the following question: why do some low-income African American children and their main caregivers have better oral health than others who live in the same community? The proposed center will focus on studying intra-group disparities in oral health. The community based partners, the City of Detroit Department of Health (DDH) and the Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) have strongly supported this theme. The Center will include 3 support cores, 5 research core projects and 1 pilot study. The Center's Methodology Core will select a multistage random sample of African American families living in the poorest 39 Census Tracts in the City of Detroit. A total of 1,529 families will be sampled and interviewed in their homes. It is estimated that 994 families will be examined at community centers in year 2 (2002) funding. Based on extensive data collected by the investigative team (R01 MH58299) in Detroit, the investigators predict that 760 families will be retained by the third examination phase in year 6 (2006). The research teams will investigate the social characteristics of parents, families, and neighborhoods, that are associated with disparities in oral health (dental caries and periodontal diseases) of children and their caregivers; lead levels in saliva of children and saliva and blood (finger prick) of the main caregivers; dietary intake; and genetic, behavioral, social and bacteriologic risk factors of periodontal disease in adults. Using information from 3 core research projects, the investigators propose to develop a tailored multi-media educational intervention (Project #3), based on the transtheoretical model of behavioral change, which will be administered using a randomized controlled design in year 4 of funding, just prior to the second examination phase. Additionally, the center will evaluate the impact on access to dental care of the state-funded experiment on utilization where Medicaid children are managed like privately insured patients (Project #4). The center will support health professionals from the DDH and VODI and the University of Detroit Mercy to receive research training. Doctoral students in three programs targeting minorities in the Schools of Public health and Social Work will be offered stipends to conduct research on health disparities. All families will have access to dental care in a DDH dental clinic (funded by DDH, HRSA, Delta Dental of Michigan and VODI).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54DE014261-07
Application #
7254009
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDE1-GH (03))
Program Officer
Nowjack-Raymer, Ruth
Project Start
2001-09-30
Project End
2009-12-31
Budget Start
2007-08-01
Budget End
2009-12-31
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$1,385,680
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Dentistry
Type
Schools of Dentistry
DUNS #
073133571
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
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Heima, Masahiro; Milgrom, Peter (2015) Soda Consumption May Increase Risk of Dental Caries in Primary Teeth of Low-income African Americans. J Evid Based Dent Pract 15:200-1
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Lim, Sungwoo; Tellez, Marisol; Ismail, Amid I (2015) Dental caries development among African American children: results from a 4-year longitudinal study. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 43:200-7
Ismail, Amid I; Ondersma, Steven; Jedele, Jenefer M Willem et al. (2011) Evaluation of a brief tailored motivational intervention to prevent early childhood caries. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 39:433-48
Lim, Sungwoo; Zoellner, Jamie M; Ajrouch, Kristine J et al. (2011) Overweight in childhood: the role of resilient parenting in African-American households. Am J Prev Med 40:329-33
Ismail, Amid I; Lim, Sungwoo; Sohn, Woosung (2011) A transition scoring system of caries increment with adjustment of reversals in longitudinal study: evaluation using primary tooth surface data. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 39:61-8
Lee, Joyce M; Lim, Sungwoo; Zoellner, Jamie et al. (2010) Don't children grow out of their obesity? Weight transitions in early childhood. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 49:466-9
Ajrouch, Kristine J; Reisine, Susan; Lim, Sungwoo et al. (2010) Situational stressors among African-American women living in low-income urban areas: the role of social support. Women Health 50:159-75
Ajrouch, Kristine J; Reisine, Susan; Lim, Sungwoo et al. (2010) Perceived everyday discrimination and psychological distress: does social support matter? Ethn Health 15:417-34

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