A. We have recently reported atrial natriuretic peptide MRNA expression and immunoreactivity in tumor and tumor cell lines from small cell lung cancer patients with hyponatremia who did not produce arginine vasopressin (4). High pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses of the tumor cell lines and tumors from patients with hyponatremia and MRNA expression of atrial natriuretic peptide have revealed that intracellular and extracellular peptide appears to be the 28 amino acid form of atrial natriuretic peptide, the form that normally circulates in human plasma. These studies are the first to characterize the ectopic production of atrial natriuretic peptide in small cell lung cancer patients and may have identified the third factor (natriuretic factor) that has been hypothesized in the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). B. We reviewed the clinical course of 234 lung cancer patients. In contrast to none of the 123 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, 18 of Ill (16%) small cell lung cancer patients had hyponatremia . Ten of these 18 had tumor cell lines available and 8 expressed ANF mRNA, 5 expressed AVP mRNA, and 3 of 10 cell lines produced both ANF and AVP mRNA. All of the 10 cell lines produced ANF mRNA, AVP mRNA, or both. Studies of 10 tumor cell lines from the 93 SCLC patients without hyponatremia showed 4 produced ANF mRNA and none produced AVP mRNA. From these studies we have observed that all tumor cell lines studied from SCLC patients with hyponatremia produce ANF mRNA or AVP mRNA, or both. Atrial natriuretic peptide may be the previously hypothesized third factor and play an important role in the pathogenesis of hyponatremia in some patients with SIADH.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Intramural Research (Z01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Division of Cancer Treatment
United States
Zip Code