This is an expanded effort of Project Number Z01-ES-48003-02 EB. Studies in the branch have been established to investigate the role of proto- oncogene alleles in cancer susceptibility, and the role of oncogenes in carcinogen-induced human tumors. A case control study of bladder cancer has been initiated to investigate whether restriction fragment length polymorphisms of proto-oncogenes correlate with cancer susceptibility. Exposure information, along with blood, urine, and tumor tissue, are being collected on 200 bladder cancer cases and 200 controls. Southern blots will be used to determine whether rare alleles of H-ras and other proto-oncogenes correlate with cancer susceptibility. The interaction between genotype and exposure will also be explored. To investigate the role of oncogenes in chemical carcinogenesis, fixed tissue blocks have been obtained from approximately 50 cases of benzidine or beta-napthylamine associated bladder cancer, and 100 bladder cancer cases without such exposures. In addition, a small number of cyclophosphamide associated bladder tumors have been obtained. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is being used to amplify H- K- and N-ras genes followed by oligonucleotide probing for oncogene activating mutations at codons 12 and 61. The pattern and mutational spectra of oncogene activation will be compared between benzidine/beta-napthylamine associated tumors, cyclophosphamide associated tumors and those which arose spontaneously or were smoking-associated. In a similar study, fixed tissue samples of lung tumors will be obtained from individuals with primary lung cancers who had high dose occupational exposure to one of a variety of known lung carcinogens, including radon, asbestos, nickel, chromate, and vinyl chloride. PCR with oligonucleotide probing will be used to characterize ras family mutations which will then be correlated with exposure information.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Intramural Research (Z01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
U.S. National Inst of Environ Hlth Scis
United States
Zip Code