1) We have defined that p300 plays a central role the control of primary genetic response in human leukemic cells. 2) We have made the first description of the process of dynamic bookmarking of endogenous genes by the RNA polymerase II complex. We hypothesize that this complex conditionally marks gene for subsequent challenge by differential stimuli and defines a mechanism for molecular memory that may have a role physiological responses as diverse as drug resistance, drug addiction, immunological memory and cognitive memory. 3) By quantitative chromatin immunoprecipitation and genome-wide location analysis we found that p300 plays a role in the dynamic bookmarking of mitotic chromatin in manner that facilitates the transfer of molecular memory of formed transcriptional complexes at specific genes in the parental cells to progeny cells. Depletion of p300 results in disrupted formation of these complexes and reduced histone acetylation at specific genes of parental cell progeny. These findings implicate a major role for p300 in the propagation of epigenetic information during cell division in lymphoid derived and leukemia/lymphoma cells. 4.) Genome-wide analysis of the assembly of p300 in lymphoid leukemia cells reveals dramatic transition in the formation of p300-containing complexes as cell progress through the cell cycle. 5.) Gene replacement studies in human colon carcinoma cell lines deficient in p300 indicate a role for p300 in promoting resistance to mitotic inhibitors that interfere with mitotic spindle and possible other chemotherapeutic agents. 6.) We have found that there are high levels of p300-containing pick complexes in that are pre-load or bookmarked in human memory CD4 and CD8 T-cells in comparison to human nave CD4 and CD8 cells. 7.) We have found that p300 forms a complex with the Eleven-nineteen Lysine rich Leukemia protein (ELL) and the components of the positive transcriptional elongation factor (P-TEFb, composed of CDK9 + Cyclin T) through protein-protein interactions that are increased by mitogen stimulation. 8.) Extended studies that in addition to the co-assembly of p300, ELL and pTEFb complexes at the promoters of rapidly induced genes, pre-assembled complexes of p300/ELL/pTEFb can be detected specifically in the nucleus, whereas they remain disassembled in the cytoplasm. Mitogen stimulation primary human cells and leukemic cells cultures results in dramatic shift in the free and active fractions of these factors suggesting a major mode through which gene expression is regulated by controlling the availability of elongation factors components. 8) In genome-wide location analysis we have found that the elongation factor eleven-nineteen lysine rich leukemia protein (ELL) assembles in the coding regions of numerous genes where it travels with the transcriptionally engaged and elongating RNA polymerase. By employing fluorescence recovery after photo-bleaching we show that in vivo association of ELL with pol II leads to an approximate 10 fold increase in the transcriptional elongation efficiency of pol II. 9.) We have found that the C-terminal region of ELL is responsible for its interaction with the P-TEFb complex. This will allow future structure function correlation. 10.)We have successfully developed an antibody the recognizes ELL by immunoblot, immunfluorescence, immune-peroxidase staining in human tissue sections, by ELISA and by chromatin immune-precipitation. Using this antibody in human tissues sections we find that ELL is highly enriched in proliferating human lymphoid tissue, and shows strikingly high expression in the nuclei of placental syncytial-trophoblasts. 11.) We have found that pharmacological targeting of transcriptional elongation can synergized to enhance the effectiveness of ant-leukemia chemotherapy using redox reactive thalidomide analogs. 12.) By live cell imaging we demonstrate the ELL forms dynamic transcriptional complexes with distinct complexes during transcriptional initiation and transcriptional elongation. 13.) ELL is require for both pause site entry and pausing release of RNA polymerase II. 14.) ELL containing complexes are targeted for regulation by both leukemogenic MLL fusion protein and the HTLV-1 Tax oncoprotein. 15.) Recently he have shown a role for p300 in enabling gene bookmarking by pre-initiation complexes (PICs) containing RNA polymerase II (pol II), Mediator and TBP. Once formed these complexes require p300 to enable reacquisition of protein complex assemblies, chromatin modifications and long range chromatin interactions that facilitate post-mitotic transmission of transcriptional memory of prior environmental stimuli.

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Fufa, Temesgen D; Byun, Jung S; Wakano, Clay et al. (2015) The Tax oncogene enhances ELL incorporation into p300 and P-TEFb containing protein complexes to activate transcription. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 465:5-11
Wong, Madeline M; Byun, Jung S; Sacta, Maria et al. (2014) Promoter-bound p300 complexes facilitate post-mitotic transmission of transcriptional memory. PLoS One 9:e99989
Byun, Jung S; Gardner, Kevin (2013) C-Terminal Binding Protein: A Molecular Link between Metabolic Imbalance and Epigenetic Regulation in Breast Cancer. Int J Cell Biol 2013:647975
De Luca, P; Moiola, C P; Zalazar, F et al. (2013) BRCA1 and p53 regulate critical prostate cancer pathways. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 16:233-8
Byun, Jung S; Fufa, Temesgen D; Wakano, Clay et al. (2012) ELL facilitates RNA polymerase II pause site entry and release. Nat Commun 3:633
Wakano, Clay; Byun, Jung S; Di, Li-Jun et al. (2012) The dual lives of bidirectional promoters. Biochim Biophys Acta 1819:688-93
Li, Xiangzhi; Li, Li; Pandey, Ruchi et al. (2012) The histone acetyltransferase MOF is a key regulator of the embryonic stem cell core transcriptional network. Cell Stem Cell 11:163-78
De Siervi, Adriana; De Luca, Paola; Byun, Jung S et al. (2010) Transcriptional autoregulation by BRCA1. Cancer Res 70:532-42
Moiola, Cristian; De Luca, Paola; Gardner, Kevin et al. (2010) Cyclin T1 overexpression induces malignant transformation and tumor growth. Cell Cycle 9:3119-26
Byun, Jung S; Wong, Madeline M; Cui, Wenwu et al. (2009) Dynamic bookmarking of primary response genes by p300 and RNA polymerase II complexes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:19286-91

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