Gastrinomas are the most common symptomatic, malignant PET in patients with or without MEN1 and sufficient numbers of these patients have been entered into our protocols to allow systematic assessment. Studies are now underway, evaluating the natural history of these tumors including the a definition of factors determining prognosis and cause of death. Our studies have identified a cohort of 25% of patients in whom the gastrinomas have aggressive growth and 25% who have multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). During this year information from our prospective studies was used to write a number of guideline and position papers with the North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Network and the European Neuroendocrine tumor network. In addition, a prospective study of acid secretory changes in patients post gastrinoma resection was completed showing for the first time insights into factors regulating basal secretion in this time period;a collaborative study of the ability to resect pancreatic endocrine tumors(PETs) thought to invade/encase or involve major blood vessels was completed which showed this should not be a contraindication to surgery is is currently widely thought;an epidemiological study on PETs in Japan was completed , which showed a number of important differences from the West, and a number of consensus conferences and position papers on classification/treatment of various disease aspects were published.Currently studies in progress include a study of the need for lymph node resection during surgery for prognostication and a study of the causes of death of MEN1 patients and identification of important prognostic factors.

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Norton, Jeffrey A; Krampitz, Geoffrey W; Poultsides, George A et al. (2018) Prospective Evaluation of Results of Reoperation in Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Ann Surg 267:782-788
Ito, Tetsuhide; Lee, Lingaku; Jensen, Robert T (2018) Carcinoid-syndrome: recent advances, current status and controversies. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 25:22-35
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