This Phase 2 clinical trial was activated on November 15, 2013 and we have recruited and treated 18 patients with severe ocular GVHD. The study was designed to be a double masked, placebo controlled and randomized 6 month cross over study where either a placebo or the autologous serum eye drop (ASED) is used for 3 months (Phase 1), then switched to the other drop for another 3 months (Phase 2). The patient is then provided with the actual ASED (Open label phase 3) until the completion and termination of the study. We have recruited 18 patients, out of which number 10 patients have completed the 6 month cross over study phases (Phases 1 and 2) and are now using the actual autologous serum eye drops (unmasked, open label Phase 3 of the study). 9 out of the 10 who have completed Phases 1 and 2 are convinced that they knew which arm of the study they were in (whether placebo or ASED), within the first weeks of using the eye drops due to the marked relief from symptoms from one of the drops. Now in Phase 3, using the open label ASED dye drops, they now claim significant subjective relief of their dry eye symptoms. Our close collaboration with the Department of Transfusion Medicine (also called the NIH Blood Bank) and the NIH Clinical Center Pharmacy has allowed for smooth production of the ASED inspite of the complex requirements required by the FDA and the often very poor health of the GVHD patients. One important feature of the FDA approved study is the use of non- preserved ASED in single use dropperrettes which are frozen and used only once after thawing, and then discarded, to avoid spoilage as well as contamination. Since 4 such dropperrettes are used every day, the NIH Pharmacy has to make up thousands of such dropperrettes for every patient. We needed to make several amendments to refine the Protocol, to make adjustments and give more leeway for the NIH Blood Bank and Pharmacy to extend the windows for the complex steps in the production of the eye drops and stay within the requirements of FDA. This is helpful information for all blood banks and pharmacies that will be making these eye drops in the future. One patient who was very ill and suffered from severe GVHD of the lungs, passed away before she can start the ASED but after she was screened and enrolled in the study. She went for a short visit to her home in South America but developed pneumonia while there and passed away in her sleep. Another chronic GVHD patient became very ill with a fungal lung infection after he had enrolled in the study but before he started using the autologous serum eye drops. He was successfully treated with an anti-fungal, recovered and completed the 6 month cross over trial. He was using the autologous serum eye drops in the open arm of the study when he had a recurrence of the fungal lung infection and passed away. These 2 patients show how frail these Bone Marrow Transplantation patients are, and how they can develop multi-organ complications from GVHD. Unfortunately, on June 1, 2015, the FDA placed the study on clinical hold, like many other NIH clinical studies that used the NIH CC Compounding Pharmacy to formulate the trial medications and treatment, due to the discovery of 2 contaminated vials of albumin (unrelated to the autologous serum eye drops) in the laboratory making up the trial medications. As required by the FDA, all study participants were instructed to stop using the eye drops and return all unused eye drops back to the NIH CC Pharmacy. Since no other pharmacy could be located right away to continue making up the study eye drops in the same way as required by the FDA and which was acceptable to the NEI(single use dropperrettes for the non-preserved and frozen serum eye drops), and since patients had stopped the eye drop treatment for over a month, upon recommendation of the Data and Safety Monitoring Committee (DSMC), the NEI was forced to discontinue and terminate the study in July 2015. At this point, 10 patients had completed the 6 month main cross over Trial and the data from these patients will be analyzed and reported with approval by the DSMC. We plan to see all the patients one final time before closing the study for safety and efficacy review. We expect to complete this by the end of 2015. We hope to report on the results on the 10 patients who completed the cross over study after all analysis is completed and approved by the Data and Safety Monitoring Committee (DSMC).

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Investigator-Initiated Intramural Research Projects (ZIA)
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U.S. National Eye Institute
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Jagasia, Madan H; Greinix, Hildegard T; Arora, Mukta et al. (2015) National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Project on Criteria for Clinical Trials in Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease: I. The 2014 Diagnosis and Staging Working Group report. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 21:389-401.e1
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