The main goal of this project is to understand how changes in the hippocampus may cause pathological aggression. We have previously found that mice with the conditional knockout (KO) of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) restricted to the hippocampal area CA3 are more aggressive than their wild type (WT) counterparts. Since hippocampus does not control aggression directly, we hypothesized that it acts on remote targets which either enhance or suppress aggression. Given that a) remote communications in the brain are mediated by oscillations and b) hippocampus generates oscillations, we were investigating how BDNF deletion altered oscillatory activity in the hippocampus. We found that carbachol-induced gamma oscillations are attenuated in slices from BDNF knockout mice. At the same time we found elevated expression and activity of 5-HT3 receptor in these animals. Since that 5-HT3 receptor is selective for GABAergic neurons, which participate in generating gamma oscillations, we hypothesized that the increase in 5-HT3 receptor activity might be responsible for attenuated gamma oscillations. When we pharmacologically suppressed 5-HT3 receptor, the power of gamma oscillations increased, which suggests that decrease of gamma power in BDNF knockout mice results from the increased activity of 5-HT3 receptor.

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U.S. National Institute of Mental Health
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Warner-Schmidt, Jennifer L; Chen, Emily Y; Zhang, Xiaoqun et al. (2010) A role for p11 in the antidepressant action of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Biol Psychiatry 68:528-35