This is a competing continuation application for a K05 Senior Scientist and Mentorship Award to support Dr. Patricia H. Reggio and her long-standing program in research, education and academic development devoted to understanding the determinants for the action of the cannabinoids at a molecular level. Dr. Reggio's laboratory is currently funded through March 2014 (R01 DA03934) for a multidisciplinary project entitled, "Molecular Determinants of Cannabinoid Activity." This project is in its twenty-fourth year of NIDA support. Dr. Reggio currently has a K05 award from NIDA (5K05 DA021358) which ends in April 2012. This award has permitted the reduction of significant teaching and service responsibilities such that she could devote 75% of her time to research over the K05 project period. Under the plan detailed in this K05 application, Dr. Reggio will be able to continue to focus 75% of her time on research, while maintaining her mentorship and leadership activities, as well as her career development. The Research Plan outlines a collaborative, multidisciplinary project that involves the application of state-of-the-art methods for molecular simulation and structure-function analysis, as well as the implementation of new tools in bioinformatics. This plan includes (1) the identification of allosteric modulator binding sites at the cannabinoid CB1 receptor and the synthesis of second generation positive allosteric modulators;(2) the determination of the cannabinoid CB2/ GGDP complex structure based upon novel crosslinking experiments and modeling studies;and (3) the development of novel, selective GPR55 (a putative cannabinoid receptor) antagonists based upon the results of a high-throughput, high-content screen of GPR55 conducted by the Sanford-Burnham screening center of the Molecular Libraries Probe Production Centers Network (MLPCN) in collaboration with Dr. Reggio and Dr. Mary Abood (Temple University). At each step, the computational aspects of this project will be aided and supplemented by collaboration with experimental medicinal chemists, pharmacologists and molecular biologists. Hypotheses generated via molecular simulation will be tested by compound synthesis and pharmacological evaluation. Key receptor residues and interactions identified through receptor modeling studies will be tested via mutation and functional studies. Experimental information will be used to refine receptor models such that at any given time, these models reflect the current state of knowledge in the cannabinoid field. Information about cannabinoid receptor structure and binding modes of ligands will aid in fundamental structure-function studies of this important class of receptors and will also aid in th design of improved therapeutic agents based on the cannabinoids.

Public Health Relevance

The CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors and the putative cannabinoid receptor, GPR55, are important therapeutic targets for the treatment of obesity, inflammatory pain, neuropathic pain, and bone development disorders. However, the lack of low-nanomolar potency allosteric and/or orthosteric ligands for these receptors is a critical barrier to progress in this field. Information about cannabinoid receptor structure and binding modes of ligands will aid in fundamental structure-function studies of this important class of receptors and will also aid in the design of improved therapeutic agents based on the cannabinoids.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Scientist Award (K05)
Project #
2K05DA021358-06
Application #
8300379
Study Section
Human Development Research Subcommittee (NIDA)
Program Officer
Hillery, Paul
Project Start
2006-04-01
Project End
2017-05-31
Budget Start
2012-06-15
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
6
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$126,360
Indirect Cost
$9,360
Name
University of North Carolina Greensboro
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
616152567
City
Greensboro
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27402
Zhao, Pingwei; Lane, Tom R; Gao, Helen G L et al. (2014) Crucial positively charged residues for ligand activation of the GPR35 receptor. J Biol Chem 289:3625-38
Shore, Derek M; Baillie, Gemma L; Hurst, Dow H et al. (2014) Allosteric modulation of a cannabinoid G protein-coupled receptor: binding site elucidation and relationship to G protein signaling. J Biol Chem 289:5828-45
Mnpotra, Jagjeet S; Qiao, Zhuanhong; Cai, Jian et al. (2014) Structural basis of G protein-coupled receptor-Gi protein interaction: formation of the cannabinoid CB2 receptor-Gi protein complex. J Biol Chem 289:20259-72
Vallée, Monique; Vitiello, Sergio; Bellocchio, Luigi et al. (2014) Pregnenolone can protect the brain from cannabis intoxication. Science 343:94-8
Kimura, Tomohiro; Vukoti, Krishna; Lynch, Diane L et al. (2014) Global fold of human cannabinoid type 2 receptor probed by solid-state 13C-, 15N-MAS NMR and molecular dynamics simulations. Proteins 82:452-65
Kotsikorou, Evangelia; Navas 3rd, Frank; Roche, Michael J et al. (2013) The importance of hydrogen bonding and aromatic stacking to the affinity and efficacy of cannabinoid receptor CB2 antagonist, 5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-[(4-methylphenyl)methyl]-N-[(1S,2S,4R)-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]-1H-pyrazole-3-carbox J Med Chem 56:6593-612
Law, Ping-Yee; Reggio, Patricia H; Loh, Horace H (2013) Opioid receptors: toward separation of analgesic from undesirable effects. Trends Biochem Sci 38:275-82
Hurst, Dow P; Schmeisser, Marianne; Reggio, Patricia H (2013) Endogenous lipid activated G protein-coupled receptors: emerging structural features from crystallography and molecular dynamics simulations. Chem Phys Lipids 169:46-56
Zheng, Hui; Pearsall, Elizabeth A; Hurst, Dow P et al. (2012) Palmitoylation and membrane cholesterol stabilize ýý-opioid receptor homodimerization and G protein coupling. BMC Cell Biol 13:6
Howlett, Allyn C; Reggio, Patricia H; Childers, Steven R et al. (2011) Endocannabinoid tone versus constitutive activity of cannabinoid receptors. Br J Pharmacol 163:1329-43

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