The Training Core's strategy and proposed curricula are designed to provide the necessary knowledge and resources to recruit and support the next generation of health disparities researchers, with special attention to actively seeking and supporting the participation of underrepresented minority (URM) invesfigators. Our comprehensive training plan will prepare a cadre of health disparities investigators capable of performing research of the highest scientific caliber, coupled with an understanding of their obligation to consider crucial ethical issues. By building our health disparities curriculum within the extremely successful Master's Program in Clinical Research of the UCSF Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CTSI), we will ensure that trainees have excellent technical training in clinical research. The particular expertise of health disparities researchers at UCSF, including CHARM faculty, will provide trainees with an understanding of core conceptual and thematic issues in the field, and familiarity with required methodological tools. Health disparities research involves diverse and often vulnerable populations, requiring disparities researchers to be particularly sensitive to population needs and perceptions. The prominent roles of URM faculty in our training program will contribute to our ability to address these important ethical issues in minority health and health disparities research. The next generation of researchers in health disparities in the U.S. and globally, are hewing to a changing paradigm;one that acknowledges the crucial role of medical care, while positing that medical care in isolation cannot effectively address powerful determinants of health and health behaviors reflected by where and how people live. A general awareness and basic understanding of how social and physical environments at multiple levels can influence health is arguably germane to health research overall;its relevance to understanding and addressing disparities across racial or ethnic and socioeconomic groups is particularly striking. A growing evidence base has documented associations between health and social factors, e.g., education, economic resources, neighborhood characteristics, discrimination, and residential segregation in health. A growing body of science exploring plausible pathways and biological mechanisms is providing a previously unavailable scientific foundation for understanding how social factors can interact with biologic factors, including growing research on stress and health, and studies of how social factors can interact with genetic factors to produce epigenetic changes that are in some cases heritable. Our innovative curriculum will provide health disparities researchers with a basic toolkit of concepts, awareness, and methods enabling them to place their research - whether at the molecular, cellular, organ system, individual/household, community, or larger societal level, and regardless of their discipline???within a broader social context if effective solutions are to be formulated. Mentoring URM individuals who are interested in health disparities research serves multiple goals. We need adequate numbers of well-trained health disparities researchers who themselves are from health disparity populations and therefore can bring crucial perspectives to their research, based on their own experience and awareness. Mentoring these individuals will strengthen the quality of their work, by directing them to didactic, research, and funding opportunities. It will increase the hiring and promote the retention of these researchers in academic institutions, enriching the institutions'diversity. Lastly, increasing the numbers of URM researchers in all fields, including health disparities research, is an important social justice issue.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Comprehensive Center (P60)
Project #
5P60MD006902-03
Application #
8625202
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$158,852
Indirect Cost
$55,718
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Type
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
Athavale, Priyanka; Thomas, Melanie; Delgadillo-Duenas, Adriana T et al. (2016) Linking High Risk Postpartum Women with a Technology Enabled Health Coaching Program to Reduce Diabetes Risk and Improve Wellbeing: Program Description, Case Studies, and Recommendations for Community Health Coaching Programs. J Diabetes Res 2016:4353956
Garg, Sachin K; Lyles, Courtney R; Ackerman, Sara et al. (2016) Qualitative analysis of programmatic initiatives to text patients with mobile devices in resource-limited health systems. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 16:16
Chan, Pamela Y; Carrera Silva, Eugenio A; De Kouchkovsky, Dimitri et al. (2016) The TAM family receptor tyrosine kinase TYRO3 is a negative regulator of type 2 immunity. Science 352:99-103
Handley, Margaret A; Harleman, Elizabeth; Gonzalez-Mendez, Enrique et al. (2016) Applying the COM-B model to creation of an IT-enabled health coaching and resource linkage program for low-income Latina moms with recent gestational diabetes: the STAR MAMA program. Implement Sci 11:73
Mangurian, Christina; Newcomer, John W; Modlin, Chelsea et al. (2016) Diabetes and Cardiovascular Care Among People with Severe Mental Illness: A Literature Review. J Gen Intern Med 31:1083-91
Turner, Steve; Francis, Ben; Vijverberg, Susanne et al. (2016) Childhood asthma exacerbations and the Arg16 β2-receptor polymorphism: A meta-analysis stratified by treatment. J Allergy Clin Immunol 138:107-113.e5
Rogers, Elizabeth A; Fine, Sarah C; Handley, Margaret A et al. (2016) Engaging Minority Youth in Diabetes Prevention Efforts Through a Participatory, Spoken-Word Social Marketing Campaign. Am J Health Promot :
Uricchio, Lawrence H; Zaitlen, Noah A; Ye, Chun Jimmie et al. (2016) Selection and explosive growth alter genetic architecture and hamper the detection of causal rare variants. Genome Res 26:863-73
Holmes, Louisa M; Ling, Pamela M (2016) Workplace secondhand smoke exposure: a lingering hazard for young adults in California. Tob Control :
Kessler, Michael D; Yerges-Armstrong, Laura; Taub, Margaret A et al. (2016) Challenges and disparities in the application of personalized genomic medicine to populations with African ancestry. Nat Commun 7:12521

Showing the most recent 10 out of 69 publications