Memory deficits are found with many neurological disorders and the breakdown of interactions between memory systems can be particularly debilitating. Different memory systems typically combine and interact to influence everyday behavior. The amygdala and cerebellum have traditionally been viewed as essential players in different types of memory, emotional and motor memory, respectively. These memory systems have been viewed as largely independent. However, recent evidence suggests that the amygdala facilitates cerebellar learning. Our preliminary data indicate that reversible inactivatio of the amygdala in rats severely impairs acquisition and retention of eyeblink conditioning, a type of cerebellar learning. Moreover, amygdala inactivation reversibly impairs the development of learning-related neuronal activity in the cerebellum. This proposal is designed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying interactions between the amygdala and cerebellum.
Aim 1 is to determine how the amygdala influences cerebellar function during eyeblink conditioning using reversible inactivation of the amygdala and multi-electrode neuronal recording in the cerebellum.
Aim 2 is to determine whether or not the amygdala interacts with the cerebellum through the conditioned stimulus input pathway to the cerebellum using reversible inactivation of the amygdala, axonal tracing, electrical brain stimulation, and multi-electrode neuronal recording.
Aim 3 is to determine whether or not amygdala memory consolidation is necessary for facilitating cerebellar learning using protein synthesis inhibition and NMDA receptor blockade in the amygdala and multi-electrode neuronal recording in the pontine nucleus. This project would provide an unprecedented analysis of amygdala-cerebellum interactions.

Public Health Relevance

Memory deficits are found with many neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and following stroke; the breakdown of interactions between memory systems can be particularly debilitating. This proposal examines the neural mechanisms underlying interactions between emotional and motor memory systems during associative learning. Elucidating the neural mechanisms underlying memory system interactions is potentially important for developing treatments for memory deficits.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01NS088567-03
Application #
9210659
Study Section
Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Study Section (LAM)
Program Officer
Babcock, Debra J
Project Start
2015-02-01
Project End
2020-01-31
Budget Start
2017-02-01
Budget End
2018-01-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2017
Total Cost
$292,778
Indirect Cost
$95,903
Name
University of Iowa
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
062761671
City
Iowa City
State
IA
Country
United States
Zip Code
52246
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Kim, Jangjin; Wasserman, Edward A; Castro, Leyre et al. (2016) Anterior cingulate cortex inactivation impairs rodent visual selective attention and prospective memory. Behav Neurosci 130:75-90
Freeman, John H (2015) Cerebellar learning mechanisms. Brain Res 1621:260-9
Campolattaro, Matthew M; Buss, Eric W; Freeman, John H (2015) Cross-modal savings in the contralateral eyelid conditioned response. Behav Neurosci 129:683-91