The purpose of the training program is to provide systematic multidisciplinary predoctoral and postdoctoral research training into the biobehavioral and psychosocial factors involved in the pathogenesis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases as well as the prevention of such diseases in high risk populations. Research training is also offered for study of neural, hormonal and immunological mechanisms that may link biobehavioral variables to cardiovascular pathology. Training is closely coordinated with several extramurally funded NIH NHLBI grants including a program project, """"""""Biobehavioral Bases of CHD Risk and Management,"""""""" a large multi-center longitudinal epidemiological study, """"""""Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)"""""""" and multiple RO1 grants. The program project consists of integrated, multidisciplinary projects examining the clinical and/or preclinical markers of CHD risk associated with type 2 diabetes (Project 1), metabolic syndrome (Project 2) or hyperlipidemia (Project 3) and their involvement in the progression or amelioration of atherosclerotic CHD processes. In each project we examine modification of risk factors through interventions such as dietary restriction, exercise, stress management and/or manipulation of social environment. Outcome variables include measures of glycemic control/insulin resistance and/or dyslipidemia, oxidative stress, inflammation and overt manifestations of disease. Projects 1 and 2 recruit patients from a large community health center serving low income Blacks and Hispanics/Latinos and Project 3 examines Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits and knockout mice. In the HCHS/SOL study the Miami field center is conducting physical exams and interviews as well as follow- ups of 4000 Cuban, South and Central Americans drawn from 24 census tracts to assess health, health risks and practices. Trainees will include 5 predoctoral and 2 postdoctoral fellows who are expected to spend at least two years in the program. Although emphasis at both the pre- and post-doctoral level is upon research, available didactic training includes multiple courses in advanced statistics as well as epidemiology, behavioral medicine, mechanisms of disease, neuroscience and molecular biology. Trainees usually undergo rotations through our program project cores in Biochemistry and Metabolism, Cardiovascular Measurement, and Data Management and Statistics. All trainees receive individual mentoring and participate in relevant program project and other research meetings.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32HL007426-32
Application #
7817085
Study Section
NHLBI Institutional Training Mechanism Review Committee (NITM)
Program Officer
Kaufmann, Peter G
Project Start
1994-07-01
Project End
2014-06-30
Budget Start
2010-07-01
Budget End
2011-06-30
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$344,377
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Miami Coral Gables
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
625174149
City
Coral Gables
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
33146
Perera, Marisa J; Brintz, Carrie E; Birnbaum-Weitzman, Orit et al. (2017) Factor structure of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS) across English and Spanish language responders in the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Psychol Assess 29:320-328
Khambaty, Tasneem; Callahan, Christopher M; Perkins, Anthony J et al. (2017) Depression and Anxiety Screens as Simultaneous Predictors of 10-Year Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in Older Adults in Primary Care. J Am Geriatr Soc 65:294-300
Holliday, Katelyn M; Lin, Dan Yu; Chakladar, Sujatro et al. (2017) Targeting physical activity interventions for adults: When should intervention occur? Prev Med 97:13-18
Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina; Elfassy, Tali; Sidney, Stephen et al. (2017) Sustained Economic Hardship and Cognitive Function: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Am J Prev Med 52:1-9
Vidot, Denise C; Messiah, Sarah E; Prado, Guillermo et al. (2016) Relationship Between Current Substance Use and Unhealthy Weight Loss Practices Among Adolescents. Matern Child Health J 20:870-7
Vidot, Denise C; Prado, Guillermo; Hlaing, WayWay M et al. (2016) Metabolic Syndrome Among Marijuana Users in the United States: An Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data. Am J Med 129:173-9
Vidot, Denise C; Stoutenberg, Mark; Gellman, Marc et al. (2016) Alcohol Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome Among Hispanics/Latinos: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 14:354-62
Vidot, Denise C; Prado, Guillermo; De La Cruz-Munoz, Nestor et al. (2016) Postoperative marijuana use and disordered eating among bariatric surgery patients. Surg Obes Relat Dis 12:171-8
Stewart, Jesse C; Hawkins, Misty A W; Khambaty, Tasneem et al. (2016) Depression and Anxiety Screens as Predictors of 8-Year Incidence of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke in Primary Care Patients. Psychosom Med 78:593-601
Moncrieft, Ashley E; Llabre, Maria M; McCalla, Judith Rey et al. (2016) Effects of a Multicomponent Life-Style Intervention on Weight, Glycemic Control, Depressive Symptoms, and Renal Function in Low-Income, Minority Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Community Approach to Lifestyle Modification for Diabetes Random Psychosom Med 78:851-60

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