The overall goal of our Hub for Latin America (HLA) is to generate sustained progress toward Community Health Care for individuals with Severe Mental Disorders (CHC-SMD). We envision CHC-SMD as an integrated system of primary care and secondary mental health services that are delivered as close as possible to the communities that use them;that are accessible to all people with severe mental disorders and their families;that promote full community integration;and that engage the affected individuals, their families, and their communities in shaping the health services offered to them. The Research Component proposes to test a pilot regional randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a Critical Time Intervention-Task Shifting (CTI-TS) intervention. CTI-TS is a task shifting integration, and, at the system level, strengthens the connections between mental health and primary care clinics. The proposed pilots are a necessary preparatory step toward a full-scale regional RCT. We wili conduct pilot RCTs (N=40) of CTI-TS at three sites (total N = 120): Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, and a third HLA site selected during year 1. The study complements our Capacity Building Component, because HLA sites will gain experience with R(5TS, with task shifting interventions, and with coordination of research among sites.
The aims of the Research Component then are : (a) to complete a pilot RCT of CTI-TS at three HLA sites;(b) to analyze the data collected to infomi the design of a full scale regional RCT;and (c) to share results and challenges encountered with all relevant stakeholders.
The purpose of the Research Component is to implement three pilot randomized controlled trials in Latin America of a Critical Time Inten/ention-Task Shifting intervention (CTI-TS) that aims to provide support for better community living and promotes social integration of persons with severe mental disorder and strengthen the connections between mental health and primary care clinics. The pilot RCTs will lead to a full-scale regional RCT that aims to move us towards a full model of Community Health Care for individuals with Severe Mental Disorders (CHC-SMD) in the region.
|Keyes, Katherine M; Smith, George Davey; Koenen, Karestan C et al. (2015) The mathematical limits of genetic prediction for complex chronic disease. J Epidemiol Community Health 69:574-9|
|Roberts, Andrea L; Agnew-Blais, Jessica C; Spiegelman, Donna et al. (2015) Posttraumatic stress disorder and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a sample of women: a 22-year longitudinal study. JAMA Psychiatry 72:203-10|
|Roberts, Andrea L; Galea, Sandro; Austin, S Bryn et al. (2014) Women's experience of abuse in childhood and their children's smoking and overweight. Am J Prev Med 46:249-58|
|Baumgartner, J N; Susser, E (2013) Social integration in global mental health: what is it and how can it be measured? Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 22:29-37|
|El-Sayed, Abdulrahman M; Koenen, Karestan C; Galea, Sandro (2013) Rethinking our public health genetics research paradigm. Am J Public Health 103 Suppl 1:S14-8|
|Yang, Lawrence H; Valencia, Elie; Alvarado, Ruben et al. (2013) A theoretical and empirical framework for constructing culture-specific stigma instruments for Chile. Cad Saude Colet 21:71-79|
|Galea, Sandro; Link, Bruce G (2013) Six paths for the future of social epidemiology. Am J Epidemiol 178:843-9|
|Minoletti, Alberto; Galea, Sandro; Susser, Ezra (2012) Community Mental Health Services in Latin America for People with Severe Mental Disorders. Public Health Rev 34:|
|Baumgartner, Joy Noel; da Silva, Tatiana Fernandes Carpinteiro; Valencia, Eliecer et al. (2012) Measuring social integration in a pilot randomized controlled trial of critical time: intervention-task shifting in Latin America. Cad Saude Colet 20:|