1. Using our in vivo fatty acid method (AG000134-20 BPMS), we demonstrated that chronic lithium administration to rats enhanced brain cholinergic muscarinic receptor-mediated activation of PLA2, to release the second messenger, AA from membrane phospholipids. Such enhancement is consistent with lithium?s reported ability to reduce the convulsant threshold to cholinomimetics in rodents and the reported therapeutic efficacy of cholinomimetics in human bipolar disorder. 2. With our fatty acid method (AG000134-20 BPMS), we imaged serotonergic (5-HT) signal transduction involving arachidonic acid (AA) in awake rats. Acute administration of the 5-HT2A/2C receptor agonist, (+-)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl-2-aminopropane (DOI), or of fluoxetine (Prozac, an antidepressant that increases 5-HT in the synaptic cleft), stimulated brain incorporation of intravenously-injected radiolabeled AA, a marker of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activation. The effect was blocked by pre-administration of a 5-HT2A/2C receptor antagonist. These results are consistent with fluoxetine being effective in depression by increasing AA release from membrane phospholipids through the 5-HT2A/2C - mediated activation of PLA2.

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Modi, Hiren R; Ma, Kaizong; Chang, Lisa et al. (2017) Valnoctamide, which reduces rat brain arachidonic acid turnover, is a potential non-teratogenic valproate substitute to treat bipolar disorder. Psychiatry Res 254:279-283
Yuan, Zhi-Xin; Rapoport, Stanley I (2015) Transient postnatal fluoxetine decreases brain concentrations of 20-HETE and 15-epi-LXA4, arachidonic acid metabolites in adult mice. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 101:9-14
Modi, Hiren R; Basselin, Mireille; Rapoport, Stanley I (2014) Valnoctamide, a non-teratogenic amide derivative of valproic acid, inhibits arachidonic acid activation in vitro by recombinant acyl-CoA synthetase-4. Bipolar Disord 16:875-80
Modi, Hiren R; Taha, Ameer Y; Kim, Hyung-Wook et al. (2013) Chronic clozapine reduces rat brain arachidonic acid metabolism by reducing plasma arachidonic acid availability. J Neurochem 124:376-87
Kim, H-W; Rapoport, S I; Rao, J S (2011) Altered arachidonic acid cascade enzymes in postmortem brain from bipolar disorder patients. Mol Psychiatry 16:419-28
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Lee, Ho-Joo; Rao, Jagadeesh S; Chang, Lisa et al. (2007) Chronic lamotrigine does not alter the turnover of arachidonic acid within brain phospholipids of the unanesthetized rat: implications for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 193:467-74
Lee, Ho-Joo; Rao, Jagadeesh S; Rapoport, Stanley I et al. (2007) Antimanic therapies target brain arachidonic acid signaling: lessons learned about the regulation of brain fatty acid metabolism. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 77:239-46
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