Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral deficits in OEF/OIF/OND Veterans and the general public. However, the underlying pathophysiology is not completely understood, and there are few effective treatments for post-concussive symptoms (PCS). In addition, there are substantial overlaps between PCS and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in mTBI. IASIS is among a class of passive neurofeedback treatments that combine low-intensity pulses for transcranial electrical stimulation (LIP-tES) with electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring. LIP-tES techniques have shown promising results in alleviating PCS individuals with TBI. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the effects of LIP-tES treatment in TBI are unknown, owing to the dearth of neuroimaging investigations of this therapeutic intervention. Conventional neuroimaging techniques such as MRI and CT have limited sensitivity in detecting physiological abnormalities caused by mTBI, or in assessing the efficacy of mTBI treatments. In acute and chronic phases, CT and MRI are typically negative even in mTBI patients with persistent PCS. In contrast, evidence is mounting in support of resting-state magnetoencephalography (rs- MEG) slow-wave source imaging (delta-band, 1-4 Hz) as a noninvasive imaging marker for neuronal abnormalities in mTBI. The primary goal of the present application is to use rs-MEG to identify the neural underpinnings of behavioral changes associated with IASIS treatment in Veterans with mTBI. Using a double- blind placebo controlled design, we will study changes in abnormal MEG slow-waves before and after IASIS treatment (relative to a ?sham? treatment group) in Veterans with mTBI. In addition, we will examine treatment- related changes in PCS, PTSD symptoms, neuropsychological test performances, and their association with changes in MEG slow-waves. We for the first time will address a fundamental question about the mechanism of slow-waves in brain injury, namely whether slow-wave generation in wakefulness is merely a negative consequence of neuronal injury or if it is a signature of ongoing neuronal rearrangement and healing that occurs at the site of the injury.
Specific Aim 1 will detect the loci of injury in Veterans with mTBI and assess the mechanisms underlying functional neuroimaging changes related to IASIS treatment using rs-MEG slow-wave source imaging. We hypothesize that MEG slow-wave source imaging will show significantly higher sensitivity than conventional MRI in identifying the loci of injury on a single-subject basis. We also hypothesize that in wakefulness, slow-wave generation is a signature of ongoing neural rearrangement / healing, rather than a negative consequence of neuronal injury. Furthermore, we hypothesize IASIS will ultimately reduce abnormal MEG slow-wave generation in mTBI by the end of the treatment course, owing to the accomplishment of neural rearrangement / healing.
Specific Aim 2 will examine treatment-related changes in PCS and PTSD symptoms in Veterans with mTBI. We hypothesize that compared with the sham group, mTBI Veterans in the IASIS treatment group will show significantly greater decreases in PCS and PTSD symptoms between baseline and post-treatment assessments.
Specific Aim 3 will study the relationship among IASIS treatment- related changes in rs-MEG slow-wave imaging, PCS, and neuropsychological measures in Veterans with mTBI. We hypothesize that Reduced MEG slow-wave generation will correlate with reduced total PCS score, individual PCS scores (e.g., sleep disturbance, post-traumatic headache, photophobia, and memory problem symptoms), and improved neuropsychological exam scores between post-IASIS and baseline exams. The success of the proposed research will for the first time confirm that potentiation of slow-wave generation in wakefulness leads to significant therapeutic benefits in mTBI, including an ultimate reduction of abnormal slow- waves accompanied by an improvement in PCS and cognitive functioning.
The present application will study OEF/OIF/OND Veterans with chronic mild TBI by: 1) applying a single-subject based, voxel-wise, MEG slow-wave (delta-band, 1-4 Hz) source imaging approach for assisting in mild TBI diagnosis, by detecting neuronal abnormalities not visible in conventional MRI; 2) using MEG and behavioral measures to assess the efficacy of a passive neurofeedback treatment in Veterans with mild TBI. The application addresses the following topics under the present RFA: a) The validation and refinement of diagnostic imaging technology for chronic TBI; b) Understanding the relationships between neurobiology and neuropsychological/behavioral effects of chronic TBI; c) Studying the impact of rehabilitation strategies on neural plasticity following TBI, using imaging, neurobiological, and cognitive approaches; and d) Comparisons of pathophysiology and / or treatment of chronic TBI that results from blast injury or other forms of TBI.
|Huang, Ming-Xiong; Nichols, Sharon; Robb-Swan, Ashley et al. (2018) MEG Working Memory N-Back Task Reveals Functional Deficits in Combat-Related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Cereb Cortex :|
|Huang, Ming-Xiong; Swan, Ashley Robb; Quinto, Annemarie Angeles et al. (2017) A pilot treatment study for mild traumatic brain injury: Neuroimaging changes detected by MEG after low-intensity pulse-based transcranial electrical stimulation. Brain Inj 31:1951-1963|