Dr. Cynthia Stappenbeck has a strong foundation in alcohol research with an emphasis on examining the associations among alcohol use, trauma exposure, interpersonal aggression, and emotion regulation. Her long-term career goal is to build upon her previous experience conducting laboratory and experimental research to become an independent clinical scientist able to make a substantive contribution to the field of alcohol research by developing, evaluating, and widely disseminating therapeutic interventions among individuals at risk for problems associated with heavy drinking. Through her 5-year training plan and complementary research plan, the Mentored Clinical Scientist Research Career Development Award provides an opportunity for her to achieve this goal.
Aims of the training plan include gaining experience conducting randomized controlled trials, continuing to develop advanced multivariate statistical skills, gaining knowledge on how to leverage technology for the administration and dissemination of therapeutic interventions, and presenting and disseminating data. These more immediate goals will be achieved through an interactive training plan comprised of direct mentorship, formal coursework, seminars, workshops, attendance at national conferences, and manuscript and grant writing. Dr. Stappenbeck's knowledge gained through the activities outlined in the training plan will be augmented by the proposed research. The goal of the research plan is to develop and empirically evaluate a web-based intervention to reduce heavy drinking among college women with a history of sexual assault who display elevated levels of psychological distress. College women with a history of sexual assault often report more heavy drinking and psychological distress than women without a history of assault. Moreover, women with assault histories often have difficulty regulating their emotions and tolerating distress which can lead to a pattern of drinking to cope distress. Trauma exposure, negative mood, and poor coping strategies have been associated with poor treatment outcomes and relapse following alcohol treatment. Incorporating distress tolerance and emotion regulation skills with an alcohol intervention may enhance treatment effects among women with a history of sexual assault by decreasing their motivation to drink to cope with depression or anxiety and by building adaptive coping strategies. Therefore, the web-based intervention will include cognitive behavioral skills for reducing alcohol consumption and incorporate emotion regulation and distress tolerance skills from Dialectical Behavior Therapy. The first phase of this research includes the initial development and continued refinement of the web-based intervention modules using an iterative process in which participant and expert feedback on intervention material is received and then an open trial is conducted to further refine the intervention and website. The second phase consists of a randomized controlled trial in which heavy drinking college women with a history of sexual assault and elevated levels of psychological distress will be recruited and randomized to receive the intervention or an assessment only control. Web-based surveys will be administered at baseline and post-treatment as well as 1- month and 6-months post-treatment in order to provide a more thorough examination of the mechanisms of change associated with the intervention. Drs. Debra Kaysen, Dennis Donovan, Melanie Harned, and David Atkins will serve as mentors on this award and Dr. William George will serve as an advisor. Collectively the mentorship team will provide expertise in the content areas, the conduct of randomized clinical trials, advanced statistical analyses, and use of technology to deliver interventions. Resources at the University of Washington provide an environment conducive to developing a career in alcohol research and gaining the skills necessary to launch a career as an independent scientist. The proposed award will provide pilot data for Dr. Stappenbeck's first R01 submission to NIAAA to more rigorously test this intervention against active controls with a larger sample and is consistent with NIH's goal of increasing and maintaining a strong cohort of investigators to address the Nation's behavioral and clinical research needs.

Public Health Relevance

Heavy drinking and sexual assault are significant public health concerns among college women and are both associated with myriad negative consequences including academic, physical, and mental health problems. The goal of the proposed research is to develop and evaluate a novel web-based intervention to reduce heavy drinking among college women with a history of sexual assault and elevated levels of psychological distress. Should this intervention prove effective, it can be widely disseminated and has the potential to reach women that otherwise may not have received the needed help for these concerns.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
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National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Initial Review Group (AA)
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Roach, Deidra
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University of Washington
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United States
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Dworkin, Emily R; Ullman, Sarah E; Stappenbeck, Cynthia et al. (2018) Proximal relationships between social support and PTSD symptom severity: A daily diary study of sexual assault survivors. Depress Anxiety 35:43-49
Davis, Kelly Cue; Gulati, Natasha K; Neilson, Elizabeth C et al. (2018) Men's Coercive Condom Use Resistance: The Roles of Sexual Aggression History, Alcohol Intoxication, and Partner Condom Negotiation. Violence Against Women 24:1349-1368
Bird, Elizabeth R; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A; Neilson, Elizabeth C et al. (2018) Sexual Victimization and Sex-Related Drinking Motives: How Protective is Emotion Regulation? J Sex Res :1-10
Kaysen, Debra; Bedard-Gilligan, Michele; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A (2017) PTSD and Alcohol Associations Among Trauma-Exposed Women: Critical Questions for the Field. Clin Psychol (New York) 24:23-26
Neilson, Elizabeth C; Norris, Jeanette; Bryan, Amanda E B et al. (2017) Sexual Assault Severity and Depressive Symptoms as Longitudinal Predictors of the Quality of Women's Sexual Experiences. J Sex Marital Ther 43:463-478
Bird, Elizabeth R; Gilmore, Amanda K; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A et al. (2017) Women's Sex-Related Dissociation: The Effects of Alcohol Intoxication, Attentional Control Instructions, and History of Childhood Sexual Abuse. J Sex Marital Ther 43:121-131
Rhew, Isaac C; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A; Bedard-Gilligan, Michele et al. (2017) Effects of sexual assault on alcohol use and consequences among young adult sexual minority women. J Consult Clin Psychol 85:424-433
Wegner, Rhiana; Davis, Kelly Cue; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A et al. (2017) The Effects of Men's Hostility Toward Women, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, and Women's Condom Request Style on Men's Condom Use Resistance Tactics. Psychol Violence 7:593-601
George, William H; Davis, Kelly Cue; Masters, N Tatiana et al. (2016) Partner Pressure, Victimization History, and Alcohol: Women's Condom-Decision Abdication Mediated by Mood and Anticipated Negative Partner Reaction. AIDS Behav 20 Suppl 1:S134-46
Davis, Kelly Cue; Jacques-Tiura, Angela J; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A et al. (2016) Men's condom use resistance: Alcohol effects on theory of planned behavior constructs. Health Psychol 35:178-86

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