Morgan E. Grams, MD, MHS, is an Assistant Professor in the Division of Nephrology at Johns Hopkins University. She seeks a Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award in order to obtain essential skills and mentored research experience for an independent career as a physician scientist in the field of chronic kidney disease. The research proposal details a five-year plan consisting of doctoral-level coursework in Clinical Epidemiology, mentorship by Dr. Josef Coresh, MD, PhD, and Dr. Dorry L. Segev, MD, PhD, and epidemiologic research in the cardiovascular and mortality risks associated with chronic kidney disease.
The specific aims of the research agenda are to: 1) Characterize cardiovascular and mortality risk among individuals with advanced chronic kidney disease; 2) Identify risk factors for death and cardiovascular endpoints in preemptively listed transplant candidates before and after the initiation of renal replacement therapy; and 3) Estimate the optimal level of native kidney function at which a viable transplant candidate should be transplanted. Immediate career goals include the mastery of advanced meta-analysis techniques, methods of causal inference, and Markov decision process models through an academic curriculum integrated with the research plan. Long-term, Dr.
Grams aims to lead independent research programs investigating optimal treatment and decision-making in advanced chronic kidney disease. Completion of the proposed aims will provide vital information relevant to the one million U.S. patients with pre-dialysis stage 4-5 chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is associated with exceedingly high rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but the optimal treatment of this population remains unknown. Preemptive kidney transplantation, or transplantation prior to the initiation of maintenance dialysis, is an increasingly common therapy. Similar to trends in dialysis initiation, it is being performed earlie in the course of chronic kidney disease progression. A better understanding of the optimal timing of kidney transplantation may inform national policies governing deceased donor kidney listing and allocation, and also improve clinical decision-making for pre-dialysis transplant patients with living donors. Furthermore, identification of characteristics associated with high cardiovascular and mortality risk may be used to guide therapy and future trials in the advanced chronic kidney disease population.

Public Health Relevance

The results of this project will provide evidence-based guidelines for when and in which patients preemptive kidney transplantation should be performed. Moreover, the detailed analysis of outcomes in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease will help inform counseling, treatment and referral practices among this growing population.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
Project #
4K08DK092287-05
Application #
9003050
Study Section
Kidney, Urologic and Hematologic Diseases D Subcommittee (DDK)
Program Officer
Rankin, Tracy L
Project Start
2012-04-15
Project End
2017-01-31
Budget Start
2016-02-01
Budget End
2017-01-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2016
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Johns Hopkins University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
001910777
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21205
Warren, Bethany; Rebholz, Casey M; Sang, Yingying et al. (2018) Diabetes and Trajectories of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate: A Prospective Cohort Analysis of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Diabetes Care 41:1646-1653
Shin, Jung-Im; Luo, Shengyuan; Alexander, G Caleb et al. (2018) Direct Oral Anticoagulants and Risk of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 71:251-252
Secora, Alex; Alexander, G Caleb; Ballew, Shoshana H et al. (2018) Kidney Function, Polypharmacy, and Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in a Community-Based Cohort of Older Adults. Drugs Aging 35:735-750
Kovesdy, Csaba P; Matsushita, Kunihiro; Sang, Yingying et al. (2018) Serum potassium and adverse outcomes across the range of kidney function: a CKD Prognosis Consortium meta-analysis. Eur Heart J 39:1535-1542
Nilsson, Erik; De Deco, Pietro; Trevisan, Marco et al. (2018) A real-world cohort study on the quality of potassium and creatinine monitoring during initiation of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in patients with heart failure. Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes 4:267-273
Hu, Jiun-Ruey; Coresh, Josef; Inker, Lesley A et al. (2018) Serum metabolites are associated with all-cause mortality in chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int 94:381-389
Grams, Morgan E; Sang, Yingying; Ballew, Shoshana H et al. (2018) Predicting timing of clinical outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease and severely decreased glomerular filtration rate. Kidney Int 93:1442-1451
Chang, Alex R; Surapaneni, Aditya; Kirchner, H Lester et al. (2018) Metabolically Healthy Obesity and Risk of Kidney Function Decline. Obesity (Silver Spring) 26:762-768
Chen, Teresa K; Appel, Lawrence J; Grams, Morgan E et al. (2017) APOL1 Risk Variants and Cardiovascular Disease: Results From the AASK (African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension). Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 37:1765-1769
Rebholz, Casey M; Grams, Morgan E; Chen, Yuan et al. (2017) Serum Levels of 1,5-Anhydroglucitol and Risk of Incident End-Stage Renal Disease. Am J Epidemiol 186:952-960

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