The overall goal of this study is to gain an understanding of the influence of the workplace on patterns of alcohol use, and resulting problems, among young adults in the restaurant industry, a food service work force at high risk for alcohol-related problems. We seek to identify specific characteristics of occupational culture, in combination with personal backgrounds that put young adults at risk for heavier and problematic drinking. We address this goal with the following objectives: (1) to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use patterns and alcohol problems in this workforce, both work-related and non-work-related; (2) to investigate effects of alcohol use patterns on health and social problems (e.g., absenteeism, injuries, hangovers) both at work and generally; (3) to examine drinking in relation to individuals' personal background characteristics (gender, ethnicity, age, family, kinship, and social group drinking); (4) to analyze the relationship between work environment and alcohol use, with a focus on major conceptual areas of social control (e.g., relevant policies, procedures for enforcement, visibility, and mobility), availability (social and physical access to alcohol), and stress factors; and (5) to assess the impact of characteristics of restaurant culture (including specific cultural factors such as rituals, role modeling and drinking groups) on normative beliefs, expectancies and behaviors in the domain of alcohol use. To meet our study goals, we shall conduct mixed-method research with randomly selected young adults working in kitchen, wait staff, bussing and bartending roles in Applebee's chain restaurants found throughout the United States. The research design calls for a 5-year study using multiple methods and research stages including: (1) 100 ethnographic interviews and on-site observations to assess research objectives in the context of work cultures, and (2) a survey conducted with 1200 randomly selected employees to assess prevalence and correlates of drinking practices and related problems; these correlates would include such elements of our conceptual model as policy, availability, and stress. The findings from this project will provide a better understanding of characteristics of work environments that influence drinking patterns and problems of young adults in the food service industry. The study will provide guidelines for the development of culturally relevant prevention programs. ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Research Project (R01)
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Community Influences on Health Behavior (CIHB)
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Scott, Marcia S
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Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
United States
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Duke, Michael R; Ames, Genevieve M; Moore, Roland S et al. (2013) Divergent Drinking Patterns of Restaurant Workers: The Influence of Social Networks and Job Position. J Workplace Behav Health 28:30-45
Moore, Roland S; Ames, Genevieve M; Cunradi, Carol B et al. (2012) Alcohol Policy Comprehension, Compliance and Consequences Among Young Adult Restaurant Workers. J Workplace Behav Health 27:181-195
Moore, Roland S; Ames, Genevieve M; Duke, Michael R et al. (2012) Food Service Employee Alcohol Use, Hangovers and Norms During and After Work Hours. J Subst Use 17:269-276
Duke, Michael R; Moore, Roland S; Ames, Genevieve M (2011) PTSD Treatment-Seeking Among Rural Latino Combat Veterans: A Review of the Literature. J Rural Soc Sci 26:157-180
Moore, Roland S; Cunradi, Carol B; Duke, Michael R et al. (2009) Dimensions of problem drinking among young adult restaurant workers. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 35:329-33