The current proposal is a logical extension of previous research using the RIP-LCMV model for virus-induced autoimmune diabetes to analyze pathogenic mechanisms and define novel immuno-therapeutic approaches for IDDM. The most promising areas were identified and form the specific aims of this application: The first goal is to precisely define which effect cytokines produced in the islets have at different times during the development of diabetes. Recent reports have described controversial effects for TNF-(alpha), IL-10, TGF-(beta) and others. In the majority of these transgenic models it has been impossible to control, when and at what level the cytokine is produced. The applicant proposes to use novel transgenic mice that express cytokines under a tetracycline sensitive regulatory promoter and cross these with the RIP-LCMV model. Further, the role of stat-4 (IL-12) and stat-6 (IL-4) pathways that represent two key cytokines implicated in the pathogenesis of IDDM will be analyzed by mating stat-4 or -6 deficient mice to RIP-LCMV transgenics.
The second aim i s to test and improve immunotherapies for autoimmune diabetes. Promising preliminary results were obtained by treating RIP-LCMV mice with antibodies to B7.1, B7.2 or CD40L systemically, which abrogated development of IDDM without affecting primary systemic activation of autoreactive (LCMV-specific) lymphocytes. Further, treatment with anti-CD3Fa/b(2) will be attempted, because regulatory cells can be induced preferentially by anti-CD3. Lastly, it will be attempted to increase the efficacy of """"""""oral tolerance"""""""" by administration of insulin coupled to cholera toxin B subunit. Preliminary studies look encouraging indicating more than 10-fold lower antigenic requirements. Since the oral effect of the insulin maps to the B-chain and the likely mechanism is induction of regulatory Lymphocytes that act as """"""""bystander suppressors"""""""". Preliminary studies also indicate that the systemic application of plasmids expressing the insulin B-chain should have a therapeutic effect, which is reflected by the preliminary data. It is felt that RlP-LCMV model is an ideal tool for addressing these issues, because the initialing self-antigen is known, the time-point for triggering IDDM can be experimentally chosen and the kinetics of islet infiltration/destruction have been precisely mapped. This allows a segregation of autoreactive lymphocytes from bystander regulatory cells and precise tracking of self (LCMV) reactive T-lymphocytes.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-PTM-I (S1))
Program Officer
Collier, Elaine S
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Scripps Research Institute
La Jolla
United States
Zip Code
Bresson, Damien; Fousteri, Georgia; Manenkova, Yulia et al. (2011) Antigen-specific prevention of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice is ameliorated by OX40 agonist treatment. J Autoimmun 37:342-51
Van Belle, Tom L; Juntti, Therese; Liao, Jeanette et al. (2010) Pre-existing autoimmunity determines type 1 diabetes outcome after Flt3-ligand treatment. J Autoimmun 34:445-52
Filippi, Christophe M; Juedes, Amy E; Oldham, Janine E et al. (2008) Transforming growth factor-beta suppresses the activation of CD8+ T-cells when naive but promotes their survival and function once antigen experienced: a two-faced impact on autoimmunity. Diabetes 57:2684-92
Bresson, D; von Herrath, M (2007) Moving towards efficient therapies in type 1 diabetes: to combine or not to combine? Autoimmun Rev 6:315-22
Martinic, Marianne M; Juedes, Amy E; Bresson, Damien et al. (2007) Minimal impact of a de novo-expressed beta-cell autoantigen on spontaneous diabetes development in NOD mice. Diabetes 56:1059-68
Burrer, Renaud; Buchmeier, Michael J; Wolfe, Tom et al. (2007) Exacerbated pathology of viral encephalitis in mice with central nervous system-specific autoantibodies. Am J Pathol 170:557-66
Barral, Ana Maria; Thomas, Helen E; Ling, Eleanor M et al. (2006) SOCS-1 protects from virally-induced CD8 T cell mediated type 1 diabetes. J Autoimmun 27:166-73
Burrer, Renaud; von Herrath, Matthias G; Wolfe, Tom et al. (2006) Autoantibodies exacerbate the severity of MHV-induced encephalitis. Adv Exp Med Biol 581:399-402
Christen, Urs; von Herrath, Matthias G (2005) Infections and autoimmunity--good or bad? J Immunol 174:7481-6
Rhode, Antje; Pauza, Mary E; Barral, Ana Maria et al. (2005) Islet-specific expression of CXCL10 causes spontaneous islet infiltration and accelerates diabetes development. J Immunol 175:3516-24

Showing the most recent 10 out of 33 publications