DOCK8 deficiency in humans leads to severe immunodeficiency. The clinical manifestations of DOCK8 immunodeficiency include recurrent infections, allergies, and malignancies. DOCK8 -deficient patients suffer from recurrent bacterial infections such as Staphylococcus aureus and fungal infections of the mouth or skin with Candida, which are suggestive of TH17 cell dysfunction. Although it has been suggested that DOCK8 might coordinate cytoskeletal arrangement, cellular detachment and regulate cell migration, the precise role of DOCK proteins in the cell remains for the most part unknown. We have recently reported that DOCK8 is essential for the protective immunity against C. rodentium. DOCK8-deficient mice succumb rapidly to C. rodentium infection. DOCK8-deficient mice have very low numbers of IL-22-producing ROR?t+ ILCs in comparison to WT mice. DOCK8-deficient ROR?t+ ILCs are defective in IL-7-mediated signaling, more prone to apoptosis and produce less IL-22 than WT mice. We have also found that the generation of TH17 cells during C. rodentium infection is selectively impaired, whereas the generation of TH1 cells is dramatically increased in DOCK8-deficient mice in comparison to WT mice. DOCK8 is a very large protein that has been shown to function as guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) that binds and activates small GTPases of the Rho/Rac/Cdc42 family. In order to determine whether DOCK8 function in the generation of TH17 cells is dependent on its GEF activity for CDC42, or its interaction with WASp, a protein that plays an important role in the organization and function of the actin cytoskeleton, we infected mice in which CDC42 or WAS was specifically eliminated in T cells. Whereas DOCK8-deficient mice were unable to mount a robust TH17 cell response upon infection, CDC42 T cell-deficient or WAS T cell-deficient mice developed a TH17 cell response as robust as WT mice. From this study, we concluded that at least for the development of TH17 cells, DOCK8 is likely acting as a scaffolding protein rather than a GEF for CDC42, or via its interaction with WASp. Thus, It is possible that DOCK8 might act as a scaffolding protein that is important for the activation of unknown factors necessary for the differentiation of TH17 cells. Here we hypothesize that DOCK8 regulates the function of TH17 cells by interacting with a specific set of proteins selectively expressed in TH17 cells and not in TH1 cells. In order to identify proteins that interact with DOCK8 in vivo, we have generated a novel Knockin mouse in which endogenous DOCK8 was fused to AVI tag, Flag and GFP reporter. The AVI tag technology will allow us to perform proteomics and Mass spectrometry analysis in a relatively small number of primary T cells, whereas the GFP will allow us to perform confocal microscopy and track DOCK8 subcellular localization in both ILCs and TH17 cells. Overall, our proposed studies will help us understand why DOCK8 deficiency has such a profound effect on the immune system.
Th17 cells have emerged as an important subset of T helper cells involved in protective immunity against various pathogens, however, the mechanisms by which Th17 cells fulfill their functions remain elusive. Our study is aimed at understanding the molecular mechanisms by which Dock8 regulates the differentiation of Th17 cells during the immune response directed against bacterial infection.
|Oukka, Mohamed; Bettelli, Estelle (2018) Regulation of lymphocyte trafficking in central nervous system autoimmunity. Curr Opin Immunol 55:38-43|