The majority of smokers in the U.S. would like to quit. Despite declines in cigarette use during the past several decades, smoking remains common (21%) among U.S. adults and is the leading preventable cause of death. Tobacco control efforts have greatly reduced smoking prevalence (from 43% in 1964). However, extensive evidence shows that the decline in smoking prevalence has stagnated for the past 10 years. The reasons for this stagnation are unknown. While tobacco control efforts have been very successful, ultimately, these strategies may not reach all smokers. Therefore, the proposed study will examine whether the prevalence of specific factors that impede successful quitting have become more common among smokers over the past two decades. We will also examine potential pathways through which these factors may lead to persistent smoking. The results of this study will lead to a better understanding of the barriers to cessation among remaining smokers, informing the debate over how to lower the prevalence of smoking in the US.
After substantial declines in cigarette smoking among adults in the US over the past several decades, the decline has stagnated and the prevalence of smoking has remained common at approximately 21% for the past decade. The proposed study aims to understand several potential factors which may be contributing to this stagnation. Understanding the reasons behind the stagnation in smoking decline is crucial to the development of effective interventions-whether policy, public health/tobacco control or clinical treatment.
|Pacek, Lauren R; Copeland, Jan; Dierker, Lisa et al. (2018) Among whom is cigarette smoking declining in the United States? The impact of cannabis use status, 2002-2015. Drug Alcohol Depend 191:355-360|
|Weinberger, Andrea H; Gbedemah, Misato; Wall, Melanie M et al. (2018) Cigarette use is increasing among people with illicit substance use disorders in the United States, 2002-14: emerging disparities in vulnerable populations. Addiction 113:719-728|
|Moeller, Scott J; Fink, David S; Gbedemah, Misato et al. (2018) Trends in Illicit Drug Use Among Smokers and Nonsmokers in the United States, 2002-2014. J Clin Psychiatry 79:|
|Goodwin, Renee D; Pacek, Lauren R; Copeland, Jan et al. (2018) Trends in Daily Cannabis Use Among Cigarette Smokers: United States, 2002-2014. Am J Public Health 108:137-142|
|Weinberger, Andrea H; Platt, Jonathan; Esan, Hannah et al. (2017) Cigarette Smoking Is Associated With Increased Risk of Substance Use Disorder Relapse: A Nationally Representative, Prospective Longitudinal Investigation. J Clin Psychiatry 78:e152-e160|
|Goodwin, Renee D; Wall, Melanie M; Garey, Lorra et al. (2017) Depression among current, former, and never smokers from 2005 to 2013: The hidden role of disparities in depression in the ongoing tobacco epidemic. Drug Alcohol Depend 173:191-199|
|Weinberger, Andrea H; Kashan, Rachel S; Shpigel, Danielle M et al. (2017) Depression and cigarette smoking behavior: A critical review of population-based studies. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 43:416-431|
|Weinberger, Andrea H; Gbedemah, Misato; Goodwin, Renee D (2017) Cigarette smoking quit rates among adults with and without alcohol use disorders and heavy alcohol use, 2002-2015: A representative sample of the United States population. Drug Alcohol Depend 180:204-207|
|Goodwin, Renee D; Cheslack-Postava, Keely; Nelson, Deborah B et al. (2017) Smoking during pregnancy in the United States, 2005-2014: The role of depression. Drug Alcohol Depend 179:159-166|
|Weinberger, Andrea H; Platt, Jonathan; Goodwin, Renee D (2016) Is cannabis use associated with an increased risk of onset and persistence of alcohol use disorders? A three-year prospective study among adults in the United States. Drug Alcohol Depend 161:363-7|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 38 publications