Copper is an essential trace element with a critical role in the biochemistry of cellular respiration, antioxidant defense and iron homeostasis. The liver is the central organ of copper homeostasis in humans and the long-term objective of these studies is to define the role of copper in pediatric liver disease. While previous studies have revealed a central role for the copper chaperone Atox1 and the Wilson disease ATPase (ATP7b) in hepatic copper metabolism, the mechanisms within the hepatocyte secretory pathway that lead to excretion of this metal at the canalicular membrane remain poorly understood. Most recently, a direct interaction has been demonstrated between ATP7b and Murr1, the human homologue of the Bedlington terrier copper toxicosis gene product, providing biochemical evidence in support of a role for Mutt1 in the hepatobiliary pathophysiology of copper excretion.
The specific aims of this proposal are intended to elucidate the role of Murr1 and ATP7b in this process. Structure/function studies will be accomplished using site-directed mutagenesis to delineate the biochemical details of Murr1 interaction with ATP7b. The pathophysiology of hepatic copper toxicosis in patients with missense mutations in Murr1 will be elucidated by examining copper homeostasis and ATP7b function in mice transgenic for these mutations as well as mice with a targeted germline deletion of the Murr1 gene. The functional role of Murr1 in copper excretion will be determined by isolation and characterization of specific interacting proteins present in Murr1 heterooligomeric complexes formed upon interaction with ATP7b. Finally, the role of the carboxyl terminus of ATP7b in copper-mediated trafficking and excretion in hepatocytes will be defined using in vitro expression cloning to characterize the proteins interacting with this domain. Taken together the results of these studies will permit new insights into the hepatobiliary pathophysiology of excretory events within the liver and may allow for novel therapeutic approaches to prevent or ameliorate hepatic injury in a number of pediatric liver diseases.
|Gansner, John M; Gitlin, Jonathan D (2008) Essential role for the alpha 1 chain of type VIII collagen in zebrafish notochord formation. Dev Dyn 237:3715-26|
|Mendelsohn, Bryce A; Gitlin, Jonathan D (2008) Coordination of development and metabolism in the pre-midblastula transition zebrafish embryo. Dev Dyn 237:1789-98|
|Thiele, Dennis J; Gitlin, Jonathan D (2008) Assembling the pieces. Nat Chem Biol 4:145-7|
|Madsen, Erik C; Morcos, Paul A; Mendelsohn, Bryce A et al. (2008) In vivo correction of a Menkes disease model using antisense oligonucleotides. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:3909-14|
|Madsen, Erik C; Gitlin, Jonathan D (2008) Zebrafish mutants calamity and catastrophe define critical pathways of gene-nutrient interactions in developmental copper metabolism. PLoS Genet 4:e1000261|
|Gansner, John M; Mendelsohn, Bryce A; Hultman, Keith A et al. (2007) Essential role of lysyl oxidases in notochord development. Dev Biol 307:202-13|
|de Bie, Prim; van de Sluis, Bart; Burstein, Ezra et al. (2007) Distinct Wilson's disease mutations in ATP7B are associated with enhanced binding to COMMD1 and reduced stability of ATP7B. Gastroenterology 133:1316-26|
|Madsen, Erik; Gitlin, Jonathan D (2007) Copper and iron disorders of the brain. Annu Rev Neurosci 30:317-37|
|Madsen, Erik; Gitlin, Jonathan D (2007) Copper deficiency. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 23:187-92|
|Caruano-Yzermans, Amy L; Bartnikas, Thomas B; Gitlin, Jonathan D (2006) Mechanisms of the copper-dependent turnover of the copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase. J Biol Chem 281:13581-7|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 17 publications