This proposal aims to develop and test new signal processing approaches to improve image contrast while maintaining or improving on the aforementioned advantages of ultrasound imaging. In preliminary work, the proposed techniques have been shown to outperform recently published clutter suppression techniques. This technique is contrary to most proposed techniques in that it is the first to use grating lobes, a well-known source of clutter, in a beneficial manner. In the last 50 years, ultrasound system and transducer engineers have long worked to remove these clutter sources. Although counterintuitive, these new methods are the first to use previously unwanted clutter from grating lobes and phase errors to actually improve image contrast. If successful, these methods will forge new trails in ultrasound signal and image processing. An extensive series of computer simulations and experimental work on phantoms is proposed to test the limits of these approaches. A small in vivo study is also proposed to test feasibility in assessing left ventricular ejection fraction and development of aortic plaque or thrombus.

Public Health Relevance

The aim of this proposal is to improve ultrasound image quality such that targets such as heart chambers, blood vessels, cysts, and cancers are easier to see. Clinically important tasks such as assessing cardiac function, aortic thrombus can be greatly improved. If successful, the results of this work could lead to widespread use in many applications where ultrasound imaging is currently being used in cardiology and radiology.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-J (80))
Program Officer
Nordstrom, Robert J
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University of Southern California
Biomedical Engineering
Schools of Engineering
Los Angeles
United States
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Shin, Junseob; Chen, Yu; Malhi, Harshawn et al. (2016) Ultrasonic Reverberation Clutter Suppression Using Multiphase Apodization With Cross Correlation. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 63:1947-1956
Shin, Junseob; Yen, Jesse T (2013) Effects of dual apodization with cross-correlation on tissue harmonic and pulse inversion harmonic imaging in the presence of phase aberration. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 60:643-9
Nguyen, Man M; Yen, Jesse T (2013) Performance improvement of Fresnel beamforming using dual apodization with cross-correlation. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 60:451-62
Shin, Junseob; Yen, Jesse T (2012) Synergistic enhancements of ultrasound image contrast with a combination of phase aberration correction and dual apodization with cross-correlation. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 59:2089-101