It is estimated that there are approximately 650,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in China. Although the epidemic is currently contained among relatively well defined sub-populations (IDUs, FSWs, former blood and plasma donors, migrant populations), it is widely agreed that China must take concerted action to avoid a generalized epidemic. Considering the central role of sexual transmission, a more comprehensive understanding of the facilitators and barriers to protective behaviors and VCT, as well as a structured, contextual analysis of the role that stigma and media, among other factors, play in fueling individual and community norms is necessary in order to further develop and appropriately target future prevention, testing, and treatment interventions. The capacity building program we propose builds upon relevant research by social scientists at Renmin (Peoples) University, and creates an integrated, efficient and sustainable model of collaboration between social scientists and public health/medical researchers at the China CDC National Center for AIDS Prevention and Control, and the Nanjing National Center for STD Prevention and control. Specifically, we propose to 1) develop a training program that will improve social scientists'capacity to conduct research on sexual transmission of HIV in China;2) employ a developmental award mechanism to fund mentored, collaborative research projects that will enable application of new skills to research on sexuality and sexual transmission of HIV, with particular focus on hard-to-reach sex workers and their clients;and 3) develop a China Social Science and HIV Prevention Network that will extend beyond the initial proposed partners.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Resource-Related Research Projects (R24)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-W (07))
Program Officer
Newcomer, Susan
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Chapel Hill
United States
Zip Code
Han, Larry; Wei, Chongyi; Muessig, Kathryn E et al. (2017) HIV test uptake among MSM in China: Implications for enhanced HIV test promotion campaigns among key populations. Glob Public Health 12:31-44
Best, John; Tang, Weiming; Zhang, Ye et al. (2015) Sexual behaviors and HIV/syphilis testing among transgender individuals in China: implications for expanding HIV testing services. Sex Transm Dis 42:281-5
Huang, Yingying; Muessig, Kathryn E; Zhang, Ning et al. (2015) Unpacking the 'structural' in a structural approach for HIV prevention among female sex workers: a case study from China. Glob Public Health 10:852-66
Bien, Cedric H; Best, John M; Muessig, Kathryn E et al. (2015) Gay Apps for Seeking Sex Partners in China: Implications for MSM Sexual Health. AIDS Behav 19:941-6
Bien, Cedric H; Muessig, Kathryn E; Lee, Ramon et al. (2015) HIV and syphilis testing preferences among men who have sex with men in South China: a qualitative analysis to inform sexual health services. PLoS One 10:e0124161
Muessig, Kathryn E; Bien, Cedric H; Wei, Chongyi et al. (2015) A mixed-methods study on the acceptability of using eHealth for HIV prevention and sexual health care among men who have sex with men in China. J Med Internet Res 17:e100
Muessig, Kathryn E; Smith, M Kumi; Maman, Suzanne et al. (2014) Advancing the prevention agenda for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in south China: social science research to inform effective public health interventions. AIDS Behav 18 Suppl 2:S222-31
Huang, Yingying; Pan, Suiming (2014) Government crackdown of sex work in China: responses from female sex workers and implications for their health. Glob Public Health 9:1067-79
Han, Larry; Bien, Cedric H; Wei, Chongyi et al. (2014) HIV self-testing among online MSM in China: implications for expanding HIV testing among key populations. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 67:216-21
Henderson, Gail; Maman, Suzanne; Huang, Yingying et al. (2014) Social contexts of heterosexual transmission of HIV/STI in Liuzhou City, China. AIDS Behav 18 Suppl 2:S111-7

Showing the most recent 10 out of 44 publications