Scholars of the neurolinguistics of bilingualism have debated about the degree to which the first and second languages of bilingual individuals are subserved by shared or separate neural networks, and the extent to which the two languages are active during processing in one. Examining the relations between language treatment and language improvement in the treated and non-treated languages of bilingual individuals with aphasia can help determine the degree of language independence and interdependence in bilinguals. In this proposed study, constrained language treatment will be administered to monolingual and bilingual individuals with chronic aphasia to examine the efficacy of language treatment and treatment transfer from one language to another. The study will allow us to assess which language components demonstrate transfer of treatment benefits from the treated language to the non-treated language, which will, in turn, allow us to determine separate and shared language components of two languages in the bilingual brain. In addition, the study will produce evidence for the efficacy of constrained language treatment in monolingual and bilingual aphasia. ? ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Research Enhancement Award (SC1)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZGM1-MBRS-8 (SC))
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Sklare, Dan
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Herbert H. Lehman College
Other Health Professions
Schools of Arts and Sciences
New York
United States
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Conner, Peggy S; Goral, Mira; Anema, Inge et al. (2018) The role of language proficiency and linguistic distance in cross-linguistic treatment effects in aphasia. Clin Linguist Phon 32:739-757
Kavé, Gitit; Goral, Mira (2017) Do age-related word retrieval difficulties appear (or disappear) in connected speech? Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 24:508-527
Kavé, Gitit; Goral, Mira (2016) Word retrieval in picture descriptions produced by individuals with Alzheimer's disease. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 38:958-66
Goral, Mira; Campanelli, Luca; Spiro 3rd, Avron (2015) Language dominance and inhibition abilities in bilingual older adults. Biling (Camb Engl) 18:79-89
Maul, Kristen K; Conner, Peggy S; Kempler, Daniel et al. (2014) Using informative verbal exchanges to promote verb retrieval in nonfluent aphasia. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 23:407-20
Goral, Mira; Conner, Peggy S (2013) Language Disorders in Multilingual and Multicultural Populations. Annu Rev Appl Linguist 33:128-161
Goral, Mira; Naghibolhosseini, Maryam; Conner, Peggy S (2013) Asymmetric inhibitory treatment effects in multilingual aphasia. Cogn Neuropsychol 30:564-77
Park, Youngmi Sophia; Goral, Mira; Verkuilen, Jay et al. (2013) Effects of Noun-Verb Conceptual/ Phonological Relatedness on Verb Production Changes in Broca's Aphasia. Aphasiology 27:811-827
Goral, Mira; Rosas, Jason; Conner, Peggy S et al. (2012) Effects of language proficiency and language of the environment on aphasia therapy in a multilingual. J Neurolinguistics 25:538-551
Levy, Erika S; Goral, Mira; Castelluccio De Diesbach, Catharine et al. (2011) Stronger accent following a stroke: the case of a trilingual with aphasia. Clin Linguist Phon 25:815-30

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