The recent development of methods for engineering bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs), and for the efficient production of BAC transgenic mice, has simplified the design of in vivo approaches for the analysis of gene expression and function in the brain. BAC transgenic mice carrying an exogenous 150 kb DNA sequence containing the Nurr1 promoter directly followed by the Tau green (TG) gene have been generated. The exogenous DNA, was randomly integrated in the genome when injected into oocytes. As the carrying capacity of BACs is several hundred kilobases, we were able to insert a 150 Kb DNA fragment overlapping the Nurr1 gene (as compared to other carrying vectors allowing only 10-15 kb inserts). In these transgenic mice, Tau green expression was expressed only in the olfactory bulb, and absent in other brain areas known to express Nurr1. This data suggests that the BAC (containing the Nurr1 promoter) used in this study is lacking some of the regulatory elements necessary for driving TG expression in brain regions other than the olfactory bulb. We are currently developing additional BAC transgenic mice, for mapping/visualizing the midbrain dopaminergic system. These mice will be used in our laboratory to conduct several anatomical/functional studies in which mapping/visualization of the Nurr1/midbrain dopaminergic system is necessary.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Intramural Research (Z01)
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Cancer and Nutrition Scientific Review Committee (CN)
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National Institute on Drug Abuse
United States
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Backman, Cristina M; Zhang, YaJun; Hoffer, Barry J et al. (2004) Tetracycline-inducible expression systems for the generation of transgenic animals: a comparison of various inducible systems carried in a single vector. J Neurosci Methods 139:257-62
Zeng, Xianmin; Cai, Jingli; Chen, Jia et al. (2004) Dopaminergic differentiation of human embryonic stem cells. Stem Cells 22:925-40