Our research program focuses on four subject areas: (1) the nature of malaria protection conferred to individuals by red blood cell (RBC) polymorphisms, including hemoglobin C, hemoglobin S, hemoglobin E, alpha-thalassemia and G6PD deficiency; (2) the parasite and host factors that influence the clearance of Plasmodium falciparum parasites in patients treated with the antimalarial drug artemisinin; (3) the molecular mechanisms of P. falciparum resistance to frontline antimalarial drugs, including artemisinin and piperaquine; and (4) the role of Anopheles mosquito vectors in the spread of multidrug-resistant P. falciparum parasites. In each of these areas we seek research advances that can improve the knowledge of disease processes and antimalarial drug resistance mechanisms in patients with malaria and thereby support the development of new antimalarial therapeutics, vaccines, and transmission-blocking interventions that aim to prevent illness and death. Our programs research activities are multidisciplinary and include multiple field sites in malarious regions of Mali and Cambodia as well as basic laboratory investigations at NIH-sponsored laboratories in these countries.

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Hamilton, William L; Claessens, Antoine; Otto, Thomas D et al. (2017) Extreme mutation bias and high AT content in Plasmodium falciparum. Nucleic Acids Res 45:1889-1901
Tétard, Marilou; Milet, Jacqueline; Dechavanne, Sébastien et al. (2017) Heterozygous HbAC but not HbAS is associated with higher newborn birthweight among women with pregnancy-associated malaria. Sci Rep 7:1414
Adomako-Ankomah, Yaw; Chenoweth, Matthew S; Durfee, Katelyn et al. (2017) High Plasmodium falciparum longitudinal prevalence is associated with high multiclonality and reduced clinical malaria risk in a seasonal transmission area of Mali. PLoS One 12:e0170948
Longley, Rhea J; França, Camila T; White, Michael T et al. (2017) Asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax infections induce robust IgG responses to multiple blood-stage proteins in a low-transmission region of western Thailand. Malar J 16:178
Mukherjee, Angana; Bopp, Selina; Magistrado, Pamela et al. (2017) Artemisinin resistance without pfkelch13 mutations in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Cambodia. Malar J 16:195
Morita, Masayuki; Takashima, Eizo; Ito, Daisuke et al. (2017) Immunoscreening of Plasmodium falciparum proteins expressed in a wheat germ cell-free system reveals a novel malaria vaccine candidate. Sci Rep 7:46086
Ataide, Ricardo; Ashley, Elizabeth A; Powell, Rosanna et al. (2017) Host immunity to Plasmodium falciparum and the assessment of emerging artemisinin resistance in a multinational cohort. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:3515-3520
Amato, Roberto; Lim, Pharath; Miotto, Olivo et al. (2017) Genetic markers associated with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine failure in Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Cambodia: a genotype-phenotype association study. Lancet Infect Dis 17:164-173
Fairhurst, Rick M; Dondorp, Arjen M (2016) Artemisinin-Resistant Plasmodium falciparum Malaria. Microbiol Spectr 4:
Pearson, Richard D; Amato, Roberto; Auburn, Sarah et al. (2016) Genomic analysis of local variation and recent evolution in Plasmodium vivax. Nat Genet 48:959-64

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