Uveitis is responsible for approximately 30,000 cases of new legal blindness in the United States and 2.8-10% of all cases of blindness (1). Behets disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing multisystem inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that is characterized by intraocular inflammation, oral and mucosal ulcerations, cutaneous lesions and inflammation that may affect other body organs such as the joints, intestinal tract, epididymis, blood vessels and the central nervous system (2). The need for a safer and more effective therapy for patients with ocular manifestations of BD refractory to or intolerant of systemic immunosuppressive therapy warrants further investigation. Reports define a specific role for interleukin (IL)-17A in the pathogenesis of Behets disease. This protocol will evaluate immune mediators including cytokine profiles (soluble and intracellular), lymphocyte phenotyping and regulatory T-cells in participants with BD. Epigenetic modifications will also be studied. Additionally, it has been suggested that American/Western BD patients may have different disease characteristics than their Mediterranean counterparts. The disease characteristics of American/Western and Mediterranean BD patients will be compared and evaluated. Blood samples from BD participants that have participated in other NIH protocols where participants consented for other or future use of samples has been obtained will be collected (particularly from current participants of NIH protocol 03-AR-0173 in which NEI is a collaborator. In summary, the results will be analyzed with respect to disease in different ethnic groups, and clinical features of the disease (e.g., ocular vs. non-ocular involvement, active vs. quiescent disease). Anonymous blood samples (matched for race, age and sex) will be obtained from the NIH clinical center (CC) blood bank and will be compared to the diseased samples.
|Ucar-Comlekoglu, Didar; Fox, Austin; Sen, H Nida (2014) Gender Differences in Behcet's Disease Associated Uveitis. J Ophthalmol 2014:820710|
|Dagur, Pradeep K; Biancotto, Angélique; Wei, Lai et al. (2011) MCAM-expressing CD4(+) T cells in peripheral blood secrete IL-17A and are significantly elevated in inflammatory autoimmune diseases. J Autoimmun 37:319-27|