This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Little three-dimensional structural information is available for trimeric forms of the HIV-1 Env protein, mostly now limited to cryoEM reconstructions where there is some disagreement. We have essed and purified multiple soluble, clade A and B HIV-1 glycoproteins as gp140 trimers, soluble D1D2 CD4 and a panel of neutralizing anti-HIV antibodies. While these reagents are used in quantitative binding studies and ongoing crystallization trials, SAXS can be used to obtain complementary structural information that can independently have significant impact on our studies of the biophysical basis of the process of neutralization by antibodies. After preliminary SAXS data collection, we generated good SAXS models for a highly-sensitive clade B (SF162) gp140 trimer and a highly-resistant clade A (Q461) gp140 trimer (plus a series of control structures). The comparison clearly showed a dramatic conformational difference between these two, demonstrated the viability of using SAXS to examine the overall structure of gp140 trimers ? and revealed potentially unrecognized aspects of trimer structure. Now we propose a cohesive set of experiments to map out gp140 sub-structures using a cross-clade panel of gp140 trimers, including a series of V-loop deletions and forms with reduced N-linked CHO, a set of neutralizing antibodies (b12, 447-52D, 4E10, 2F5) and soluble CD4.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-32
Application #
8362352
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$506
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
Remesh, Soumya G; Andreatta, Massimo; Ying, Ge et al. (2017) Unconventional Peptide Presentation by Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Class I Allele HLA-A*02:01: BREAKING CONFINEMENT. J Biol Chem 292:5262-5270
VanderLinden, Ryan T; Hemmis, Casey W; Yao, Tingting et al. (2017) Structure and energetics of pairwise interactions between proteasome subunits RPN2, RPN13, and ubiquitin clarify a substrate recruitment mechanism. J Biol Chem 292:9493-9504
Zhang, Haonan; Qiao, Anna; Yang, Dehua et al. (2017) Structure of the full-length glucagon class B G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature 546:259-264
Niedzialkowska, Ewa; Mruga?a, Beata; Rugor, Agnieszka et al. (2017) Optimization of overexpression of a chaperone protein of steroid C25 dehydrogenase for biochemical and biophysical characterization. Protein Expr Purif 134:47-62
de Vries, Robert P; Tzarum, Netanel; Peng, Wenjie et al. (2017) A single mutation in Taiwanese H6N1 influenza hemagglutinin switches binding to human-type receptors. EMBO Mol Med 9:1314-1325
Tolbert, William D; Gohain, Neelakshi; Alsahafi, Nirmin et al. (2017) Targeting the Late Stage of HIV-1 Entry for Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity: Structural Basis for Env Epitopes in the C11 Region. Structure 25:1719-1731.e4
Yoon, Chun Hong; DeMirci, Hasan; Sierra, Raymond G et al. (2017) Se-SAD serial femtosecond crystallography datasets from selenobiotinyl-streptavidin. Sci Data 4:170055
Warelow, Thomas P; Pushie, M Jake; Cotelesage, Julien J H et al. (2017) The active site structure and catalytic mechanism of arsenite oxidase. Sci Rep 7:1757
Tzarum, Netanel; de Vries, Robert P; Peng, Wenjie et al. (2017) The 150-Loop Restricts the Host Specificity of Human H10N8 Influenza Virus. Cell Rep 19:235-245
Hettle, Andrew; Fillo, Alexander; Abe, Kento et al. (2017) Properties of a family 56 carbohydrate-binding module and its role in the recognition and hydrolysis of ?-1,3-glucan. J Biol Chem 292:16955-16968

Showing the most recent 10 out of 581 publications